Poole on 1 Samuel 1:26-28: Samuel Given Back to God

Verse 26:[1] And she said, Oh my lord, (Gen. 42:15; 2 Kings 2:2, 4, 6) as thy soul liveth, my lord, I am the woman that stood by thee here, praying unto the LORD.

[I pray, my Lord (thus Jonathan, Syriac, Arabic, Munster, Pagnine),בִּ֣י אֲדֹנִ֔י] In me, my Lord (Montanus, Septuagint). Understanding, iniquity, or some such (Ibn Ezra in Drusius). That בִּי obtains the force of an interjection, and excites attention (Sanchez, Menochius). Oh my Lord; that is to say, Hearken to thy servant, and grant what I am going to ask (Vatablus). Attend to me (Junius and Tremellius).

[Thy soul lives (thus Montanus)] These words are a formula, either, 1. of supplicating with good manners; that is to say, I wish a long life for thee, so that thou mightest be able to educate my son (Kimchi in Martyr). May thy soul live(Syriac). Mayest thou live safely, O Lord (Arabic); that is to say, Mayest thou thus live and be well (certain interpreters in Malvenda). Or, 2. of asservation and oath (Vatablus, similarly Drusius, Lapide, Sanchez, Montanus, Mendoza). That is to say, The things that I am going say are as true as the fact that thou art living, or as the fact that I am wishing thee long life (Vatablus). The Heathen and others were wont to swear by the life of those that they were loving, Genesis 42:15; 1 Samuel 17:55; 20:3. See also Alexander ab Alexandro Festival Days[2]5:10 (Mendoza). By the life of thy soul (Jonathan, Pagnine). By thy life I pray that thou wouldest attend to me (Junius). I prefer to refer it to the following sentence; that is to say, as certainly as I know that thou livest, so certainly believe what I say, namely, that I am that woman (Piscator).

Oh my lord; a form of speech to engage favourable attention. As thy soul liveth; the usual form of an oath, as Genesis 42:15; 1 Samuel 17:55; 20:3; as surely as thou livest: which asseverations seem necessary, because this was some years after it, and was quite forgotten by him.

Verse 27:[3] (Matt. 7:7) For this child I prayed; and the LORD hath given me my petition which I asked of him…

[He hath given my petition] Petitionin the place of the thing petitioned, after the manner of the Scripture. An abstract in the place of the concrete (Mendoza).

Verse 28: