Heidegger's Bible Handbook: Romans: Chapter Summary

Transition to the Didactic book. The fourteen Pauline Epistles, 1. Saint Paul’s description. Paul’s name and epithets. The blessing of Jacob to Benjamin accommodated to him by the Holy Fathers. Paul’s last things disputed. Released from his chains at Rome, he appears to have preached the Gospel again in the East, and, having been conducted again to Rome, to have been crowned with martyrdom, 2. The argument of the Pauline Epistles, and various distinctions, 3. The style, and manner and character, of the speech of the same Epistles. In what sense Saint Peter called some things in them δυσνόητα, hard to be understood? 4. The diverse order of the arrangement and writing of the Epistles. Formerly the arrangement was also varying. The order of the Epistles according to the time of writing, 5. The Epistle to the Romans is the first of all, not with respect to writing, but with respect to dignity. To the Ancients it was reputed as the Catechism of Christians, 6. The Inscription of the Epistle. Was it indeed inscribed to the Romans? 7. The Inscription of the same is not Canonical, but is likely, 8. What special occasion did Saint Paul have for writing? 9. The Argument of the Epistle. It is a key to opening the treasures of Sacred Scripture, 10. Although writing to the Romans, Paul did not write in Roman or Latin, but in Greek, 11. This Epistle is undeservedly accused of obscurity by some of the ancients, Pererius, and others, 12. The time of the writing of this Epistle is investigated. It was written by Saint Paul while yet free, a little before his bonds, while he was setting out for Jerusalem a second time. Saint Chrysostom rightly argues that it was written after both Epistles to the Corinthians, 13. The parts of the Epistle are three: I. The Exordium (Romans 1:1-15). II. A Treatment of the argument concerning the righteousness of the Gospel, and precepts for life (Romans 1:16-15:13. III. An Epilogue (Romans 15:14-16:27). Interpreters of all or most of the Paul Epistles, and of the Epistle to the Romans in particular, Ancient, Reformed, Lutheran, Roman Catholic; and also a Synoptic Table, 14.