Ruth 3:6, 7: Ruth Executes Naomi's Plan

Verse 6:[1] And she went down unto the floor, and did according to all that her mother in law bade her.



[What things she had commanded her] צִוַּ֖תָּה in the place of צִוְּתָה: it should be צִוָּתָה on account of the accent; but it seemed proper to shorten the ָ: then a Dagesh (ּ) was added for the sake of euphony. צָרַתָּה and כִעֲסַתָּה are similar[2] (Drusius).


Verse 7:[3] And when Boaz had eaten and drunk, and (Judg. 19:6, 9, 22; 2 Sam. 13:28; Esth. 1:10) his heart was merry, he went to lie down at the end of the heap of corn: and she came softly, and uncovered his feet, and laid her down.


[And when he had eaten, etc.] That is, when he had feasted with cheer, just as it was wont to be done at the time of the harvest and grape-gathering (Junius, Piscator). Compare Judges 9:27; Psalm 4:7; Isaiah 9:3 (Piscator).


Had eaten and drunk, to wit, liberally, as the manner was upon those occasions. See Judges 9:27; Psalm 4:7; Isaiah 9:3.



[And his heart was made merry] Hebrew: and his heart was good[4] (Piscator, Drusius), that is, cheerful (Piscator): or, he was good in heart, that is, with his heart cheerful and merry (Drusius).

[And he had gone to sleep near the heap of bundles, בִּקְצֵ֣ה הָעֲרֵמָ֑ה] In the extremity, or farthest part (or side [Jonathan, Syriac]) of the heap (Pagnine, Montanus, Tigurinus, Junius and Tremellius, Drusius), understanding, a certain[5] (Junius and Tremellius). Great men otherwise slept on pallets; Plutarch relates in “Lycurgus”[6] that formerly the youth of the Lacedæmonians were wont to be accustomed this this after their twelfth year (Serarius). On his own estate, spending time in the field, especially in those hot regions, he was not very solicitous for a soft bed, but slept most pleasantly on the ground among the bundles not yet all threshed (Osiander). Of course, it belonged to a good head-of-household, to be near to his own while they were laboring, to protect the threshingfloor for nocturnal thieves, and to take sleep among the very bundles (Bonfrerius).

[1] Hebrew: וַתֵּ֖רֶד הַגֹּ֑רֶן וַתַּ֕עַשׂ כְּכֹ֥ל אֲשֶׁר־צִוַּ֖תָּה חֲמוֹתָֽהּ׃


[2] 1 Samuel 1:6: “And her adversary also provoked her sore (וְכִֽעֲסַ֤תָּה צָֽרָתָהּ֙ גַּם־כַּ֔עַס), for to make her fret, because the Lord had shut up her womb.”


[3] Hebrew: וַיֹּ֙אכַל בֹּ֤עַז וַיֵּשְׁתְּ֙ וַיִּיטַ֣ב לִבּ֔וֹ וַיָּבֹ֕א לִשְׁכַּ֖ב בִּקְצֵ֣ה הָעֲרֵמָ֑ה וַתָּבֹ֣א בַלָּ֔ט וַתְּגַ֥ל מַרְגְּלֹתָ֖יו וַתִּשְׁכָּֽב׃


[4] Hebrew: וַיִּיטַ֣ב לִבּ֔וֹ.


[5] That is, of a certain heap.


[6] Parallel Lives.

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Dr. Steven Dilday holds a BA in Religion and Philosophy from Campbell University, a Master of Arts in Religion from Westminster Theological Seminary (Philadelphia), and both a Master of Divinity and a  Ph.D. in Puritan History and Literature from Whitefield Theological Seminary.  He is also the translator of Matthew Poole's Synopsis of Biblical Interpreters and Bernardinus De Moor’s Didactico-Elenctic Theology.

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