Ruth 2:8, 9: Boaz's Kind Provision for Ruth

Verse 8:[1] Then said Boaz unto Ruth, Hearest thou not, my daughter? Go not to glean in another field, neither go from hence, but abide here fast by my maidens…

[Hear, my daughter] Hebrew: hearest thou not?[2] (Vatablus, Piscator, Drusius); that is to say, I think and desire thee to hear. He calls her daughter out of regard for, 1. affection, 2. age (Piscator). Hence they gather that Boaz was more advanced in age (Drusius).

[Hear, my daughter; go not into another field, etc.] [Similarly do all our interpreters take it. The ancients take it otherwise; for these expound it proverbially: My daughter, has it not been heard by thee in a proverb, Glean not in a field not thine own? (Syriac, Arabic, similarly the Septuagint)].

[Join my maidens] Namely, his maidservants, who even themselves glean (Piscator): not for the profit of their master (which was forbidden by the Law); but he allowed this either for the profit of the poor, or of the girls or maidservants themselves, which often are poor, whom Boaz was permitting to glean for themselves (Bonfrerius). Moreover, hence shines forth Boaz’s, 1. prudence, gravity, and chastity, who joins a young woman to the young women; which is more honest, and safer for modesty and chastity, than to cleave to the men (Serarius, Menochius). 2. Liberality: for, since there is wont to be more mercy in women, it appeared more likely that the women would be more kind unto that woman (Serarius).

By my maidens: Not by the young men, to avoid both occasion of sin and matter of scandal. Herein he shows his piety and prudence.

Verse 9:[3] Let thine eyes be on the field that they do reap, and go thou after them: have I not charged the young men that they shall not touch thee? and when thou art athirst, go unto the vessels, and drink of that which the young men have drawn.

[And where they will have reaped, עֵינַ֜יִךְ בַּשָּׂדֶ֤ה וגו״] Thine eyes on the field, etc. (Montanus), or, toward the field (Septuagint); let them be toward the field (Munster, Pagnine, Tigurinus). Thine eyes, understanding, let them be intent, that is, upon the part of the field where they will reap (Drusius).

[Follow thou, וְהָלַ֣כְתִּ אַחֲרֵיהֶ֔ן] And thou shalt proceed, or go, after those women (Vatablus, Drusius, thus the Septuagint, Montanus, Junius and Tremellius). Others: after those men (Jonathan, Syriac, Arabic). הֶן-, those women, in the place of הֶם-, those men, so that it might be referred to the reapers (Piscator).

[For I have commanded, הֲל֥וֹא צִוִּ֛יתִי] Have I not instructed? that is to say, I have most certainly instructed. Similarly in 2 Samuel 10:3 (Vatablus). But when did he command this? Either immediately, personally, or through a servant; or the past is put in the place of the future, because he most certainly was going to do this, so that it might be, I will command my young men (Serarius).