Judges 5:12: Deborah Rouses Herself and Barak to Praise

Verse 12:[1] (Ps. 57:8) Awake, awake, Deborah: awake, awake, utter a song: arise, Barak, and (Ps. 68:18) lead thy captivity captive, thou son of Abinoam.


Awake, awake; stir up thyself and all that is within thee to admire and praise the Lord.


[Arise, etc.] Awake, and take captive, etc. (Montanus), that is, Praise Jehovah, since, having been helped by Him, thou hast taken many captives (Vatablus). Go, O Barak, distribute thy spoils and captives, and rejoice over them (Bonfrerius).


[Lay hold of the captives, וּֽשֲׁבֵ֥ה שֶׁבְיְךָ֖] And take captive thy captivity (Septuagint, Jonathan, Montanus, similarly Junius and Tremellius). Lead thy captivators captive (Syriac); plunder those that were plundering thee (Arabic). [They appear to have read שֺׁבֶיךְ, those captivating thee.]


Lead thy captivity captive: how could this be done when there was none of them left? Judges 4:16. Answer 1. None were left to make head against them. 2. None is oft put for few, and those few might be taken after the battle, and carried captive, and led in triumph, and afterward slain.

[1] Hebrew: עוּרִ֤י עוּרִי֙ דְּבוֹרָ֔ה ע֥וּרִי ע֖וּרִי דַּבְּרִי־שִׁ֑יר ק֥וּם בָּרָ֛ק וּֽשֲׁבֵ֥ה שֶׁבְיְךָ֖ בֶּן־אֲבִינֹֽעַם׃

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Dr. Steven Dilday holds a BA in Religion and Philosophy from Campbell University, a Master of Arts in Religion from Westminster Theological Seminary (Philadelphia), and both a Master of Divinity and a  Ph.D. in Puritan History and Literature from Whitefield Theological Seminary.  He is also the translator of Matthew Poole's Synopsis of Biblical Interpreters and Bernardinus De Moor’s Didactico-Elenctic Theology.

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