Judges 4:3: Judges-Cycle--Israel's Cry to God

Verse 3:[1] And the children of Israel cried unto the LORD: for he had nine hundred (Judg. 1:19) chariots of iron; and twenty years (Judg. 5:8; Ps. 106:42) he mightily oppressed the children of Israel.


[He had exceedingly oppressed (similarly Munster, Tigurinus), בְּחָזְקָה] In strength (Montanus, similarly Pagnine); in rigor (Jonathan); with violence (Syriac, Arabic, Junius and Tremellius); imperiously (Septuagint); τυραννικῶς/ tyrannically (Drusius).


He mightily oppressed: More than the former tyrants; partly from his malice and hatred against the Israelites; and principally from God’s just judgment, the growing punishment being most suitable to their aggravated wickedness.

[1] Hebrew: וַיִּצְעֲק֥וּ בְנֵֽי־יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל אֶל־יְהוָ֑ה כִּ֠י תְּשַׁ֙ע מֵא֤וֹת רֶֽכֶב־בַּרְזֶל֙ ל֔וֹ וְ֠הוּא לָחַ֞ץ אֶת־בְּנֵ֧י יִשְׂרָאֵ֛ל בְּחָזְקָ֖ה עֶשְׂרִ֥ים שָׁנָֽה׃

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Dr. Steven Dilday holds a BA in Religion and Philosophy from Campbell University, a Master of Arts in Religion from Westminster Theological Seminary (Philadelphia), and both a Master of Divinity and a  Ph.D. in Puritan History and Literature from Whitefield Theological Seminary.  He is also the translator of Matthew Poole's Synopsis of Biblical Interpreters and Bernardinus De Moor’s Didactico-Elenctic Theology.

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