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Judges 12:11-15: Elon and Abdon

[circa 1130] Verse 11:[1] And after him (a civil Judge in North east Israel) Elon, a Zebulonite, judged Israel; and he judged Israel ten years.

Verse 12:[2] And Elon the Zebulonite died, and was buried in Aijalon in the country of Zebulun.

Aijalon in the country of Zebulun: This is added to distinguish it from other Aijalons, of which see Judges 1:35; 1 Chronicles 6:69; 8:13.

[circa 1120] Verse 13:[3] And after him (a civil Judge also in North east Israel) Abdon the son of Hillel, a Pirathonite, judged Israel.

Verse 14:[4] And he had forty sons and thirty nephews (Heb. sons’ sons[5]), that (Judg. 5:10; 10:4) rode on threescore and ten ass colts: and he judged Israel eight years.

[circa 1112] Verse 15:[6] And Abdon the son of Hillel the Pirathonite died, and was buried in Pirathon in the land of Ephraim, (Judg. 3:13, 27; 5:14) in the mount of the Amalekites.

[In the mount of the Amalekites] It was so called, either, 1. Because the Amalekites were partly inhabiting it, from which they were at length expelled by Saul, 1 Samuel 15 (Junius, Drusius, Menochius). But, 1. that was hitherto unheard of, that the Amalekites were dwelling in the midst of the Israelites (Bonfrerius). 2. Saul is said to have smitten the Amalekites in their region, that is, in Arabia, 1 Samuel 15:7 (Malvenda). Or, 2. Amalek was the name of the mountain (Tostatus). Or, 3. Amalek is the proper name of a man (Bonfrerius, Lapide). Or, 5. it was so called from some event unknown to us (Malvenda).

The mount of the Amalekites: So called from some remarkable exploit done either by or upon the Amalekites in that place.

[1] Hebrew: וַיִּשְׁפֹּ֤ט אַֽחֲרָיו֙ אֶת־יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל אֵיל֖וֹן הַזְּבֽוּלֹנִ֑י וַיִּשְׁפֹּ֥ט אֶת־יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל עֶ֥שֶׂר שָׁנִֽים׃

[2] Hebrew: וַיָּ֖מָת אֵל֣וֹן הַזְּבֽוּלֹנִ֑י וַיִּקָּבֵ֥ר בְּאַיָּל֖וֹן בְּאֶ֥רֶץ זְבוּלֻֽן׃

[3] Hebrew: וַיִּשְׁפֹּ֥ט אַחֲרָ֖יו אֶת־יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל עַבְדּ֥וֹן בֶּן־הִלֵּ֖ל הַפִּרְעָתוֹנִֽי׃

[4] Hebrew: וַיְהִי־ל֞וֹ אַרְבָּעִ֣ים בָּנִ֗ים וּשְׁלֹשִׁים֙ בְּנֵ֣י בָנִ֔ים רֹכְבִ֖ים עַל־שִׁבְעִ֣ים עֲיָרִ֑ם וַיִּשְׁפֹּ֥ט אֶת־יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל שְׁמֹנֶ֥ה שָׁנִֽים׃

[5] Hebrew: בְּנֵ֣י בָנִ֔ים.

[6] Hebrew: וַיָּ֛מָת עַבְדּ֥וֹן בֶּן־הִלֵּ֖ל הַפִּרְעָתוֹנִ֑י וַיִּקָּבֵ֤ר בְּפִרְעָתוֹן֙ בְּאֶ֣רֶץ אֶפְרַ֔יִם בְּהַ֖ר הָעֲמָלֵקִֽי׃

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Dr. Dilday
Dr. Dilday
Nov 13, 2018

Matthew Henry: 'Elon of Zebulun, in the north of Canaan, was next raised up to preside in public affairs, to administer justice, and to reform abuses. Ten years he continued a blessing to Israel, and then died, Judges 12:11, 12. Dr. Lightfoot computes that in the beginning of his time the forty years' oppression by the Philistines began (spoken of Judges 13:1), and about that time Samson was born. Probably, his residence being in the north, the Philistines who bordered upon the southern parts of Canaan took the opportunity of making incursions upon them....

Abdon, of the tribe of Ephraim, succeeded, and in him that illustrious tribe begins to recover its reputation, having not afforded any person of note since…

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