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Heidegger's Bible Handbook: The New Testament in General: Chapter Summary

Updated: Feb 6, 2020


The Books of the New Testament, simply called ἡ καινὴ Διαθήκη, the New Testament/Covenant, and τὰ τῆς καινῆς Διαθήκης ἅπαντα, All of the New Testament/Covenant, are defined, 1. The sum and argument of the New Testament Books is Christ, born, dead, rising, ascending into heaven, governing the Church, justifying by faith, and sanctifying by the fruits thereof, 2. Those Books are distinguished with respect to their external form according to sections, or headings, chapters, and verses, 3. Περικοπαὶ/sections, ἀναγνώσματα/readings, τίτλοι/ titles, what were they to the ancients? what was a πίναξ, πινακίδιον/writing-tablet? 4. Whence had κεφάλαια/chapters their name? Stephanus call them Tmemata/ sections, 5. The division of chapters is explain, both the ancient, and that not a little varying, and having passed into disuse today, 6. And the more recent, in use today, which is shown to have arisen in the middle ages, 7. Στίχοι/verses, the tmemata/ sections of the chapters. The ancient division of verses, and that varying, expounded with respect to diverse στιχομετρίας/verse-length, is narrated, 8. The new division of verses in use today has Robertus Stephanus as author, 9. Its use and abuse is laid open in the words of Gomar and Casaubon, 10. To the external form is referred the idiom of the Books of the New Testament, that all were written in the Greek idiom. Whether the Writers conceived in the Syriac idiom, but wrote in Greek? 11. The style of the Books of the New Testament is pure in such a way that it is free from barbarisms and solecisms, 12. The idea of the diction is able to be called, both ἑλληνικὴ/Hellenic, Greek or Grecian, and Hellenistic, and ἰδιωτικὴ or vulgar. Yet it is not so Hellenistic that it is able to be said to be a peculiar Dialect of the Greek language. The arguments of Salmasius, 13. A distribution of the material into books Historical, Dogmatic, and Prophetic. Why were the Dogmatic books delivered in the form of Epistles? Why were seven Epistles Catholic, Canonical, ἐγκύκλιοι/circular? Interpreters of all the Books of the New Testament, Ancient, Reformed, Lutheran, and Roman Catholic; and a Synoptic Table, 14.

Dr. Dilday's Lecture: "Introduction to New Testament Survey"

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