Heidegger's Bible Handbook: Leviticus: Its Title

1. The names of Leviticus. ויקרא, and the Synonyms of the Hebrews.



The third book of Moses is vulgarly called Leviticus, because it generally covers laws of the sort that were Divinely enjoined upon the posterity of Levi, who were advanced to the Priesthood, to attend to the public worship, entrusted to them. Athanasius in Synopsi Sacræ Scripturæ: Ὀνομάζεται ὅυτως, ἐπειδὰν καὶ ἰδικῶς πᾶσαν τῆς Λευιτικῆς λειτουργίας τῆν διατύπωσιν περιέχει, thus it is called, because it in a special manner contains the whole arrangement of Levitical duty. It is denominated by the Hebrews from the first word, ויקרא, and He called. From its argument the Jews are also wont to call it תורת כהנים, the Law of the Priests, and also תורת הקרבנות, the Law of the Sacrifices.

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Dr. Steven Dilday holds a BA in Religion and Philosophy from Campbell University, a Master of Arts in Religion from Westminster Theological Seminary (Philadelphia), and both a Master of Divinity and a  Ph.D. in Puritan History and Literature from Whitefield Theological Seminary.  He is also the translator of Matthew Poole's Synopsis of Biblical Interpreters and Bernardinus De Moor’s Didactico-Elenctic Theology.

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