8. The Parts of the Book are five. I. Description of the Person and coming of Christ (chapter 1:1-18). II. The ministry of John the Baptist (chapter 1:19-36). III. Christ’s actions, teaching, and miracles (chapters 1:37-12:50). IV. Christ’s Sufferings (chapters 13-19). V. The Glory of the resurrection (chapters 20, 21). Interpreters Ancient, Reformed, Lutheran, and Roman Catholic, and also a Synoptic Table of the Book.
This book, like those of the preceding Evangelists, is resolved into five parts. For, first, the person and coming of Christ is described, Chapter 1:1-18. Second, the ministry of John the Baptist is set forth, Chapter 1:19-36. Third, Christ’s actions, teaching, and miracles are narrated, Chapters 1:37-12:50. Fourth, His sufferings are related, Chapters 13-19. Fifth, the glory of His resurrection, Chapters 20, 21, are related.
I. The description of the person and coming of Christ, Chapter 1:1-18.
That Word, which was in the beginning with God, was God, the creator of all things, in whom was life and light, of whom John bore witness (verses 1-9); He was in the world, not being known by it, but known by those regenerated (verses 10-13); having been made flesh, He dwelt among us, as the author and revealer of grace alone (verses 14-18): chapter 1:1-18.
II. The ministry of John the Baptist, Chapter 1:19-36.
John, having been asked by the Jews, denying that he is the Christ, professes that He is the voice of one crying in the wilderness (verses 19-24); he explains his baptism, points out Jesus as the lamb of God, and testifies that He is the son of God (verses 25-36): chapter 1:19-36.
III. Christ’s actions, teaching, and miracles, Chapters 1:37-12:50. See:
1. The calling of Andrew, Peter, and Philip (verses 37-44); and His conversation with Nathanael, who did not think that anything could come from Nazareth, but at last professed Jesus to be the Son of God, the King of Israel (verses 45-51): chapter 1:37-51).
2. The beginning of the signs of Christ, water turned into wine at Cana of Galilee (verses 1-12): chapter 2:1-12.
3. The sayings and deeds of the first three Passovers: chapters 2:13-12:50. See:
a. The sayings and deeds of the first Passover: chapters 2:13-4:54. Namely, Christ,
α. Going up to Jerusalem for the Passover (verse 13), and entering the Temple, drives out those buying and selling there with a whip (verses 14-17), and, as a sign of His authority, pronounces that the Temple of His body is going to be destroyed by the Jews, and raised by Himself (verses 18-22); and, with miracles performed, and with many believing upon Him, He does entrust Himself to them (verses 23-25): chapter 2:13-25.
β. Instructing Nicodemus in the mystery of regeneration, faith in His death, and the condemnation of unbelievers (verses 1-21); proceeding into Judea, baptizes (verses 22-24), with John teaching his disciples concerning his office and the excellency of Jesus (verses 25-36): chapter 3.
γ. Passing over into Galilee (verses 1-3), leads a Samaritan woman near the city of Sychar, and the inhabitants of Sychar, unto the knowledge of Himself (verses 4-42); and He, having been received by the Galileans, with great notoriety preaches in their Synagogues (verse 43-45), and in Cana heals the son of a Nobleman, being sick at Capernaum (verses 46-54): chapter 4.
b. The sayings and deeds of the second Passover: chapters 5, 6. In which Christ,
α. Healing a man sick for thirty-eight years, lying beside the pool at Bethesda (verses 1-15), to the Jews seeking to destroy Him, because He had done those things on the Sabbath, and had called God His Father, He sets in opposition an altogether Divine defense (verses 16-47): chapter 5.
β. Feeding about five thousand with five loaves and two small fish (verses 1-13), when the Jews for this reason want to make Him King, He orders His disciples to go before Him to the other shore, and settles a rising tempest (verses 14-21); He preaches at Capernaum to those coming to Him concerning the bread of life (verses 22-40); to the murmuring Jews He asserts Himself to be the bread of life (verses 41-65); and, with many of the disciples withdrawing, but with the Apostles unwilling to depart, He pronounces one of them to be a Devil (verses 66-71): chapter 6.
c. The sayings and deeds of the third Passover, of which mention is made in John 6:4: chapters 7-12. Namely, Christ,