Heidegger's Bible Handbook: Gospels: Lutheran Interpreters



LUTHERAN:Avenarius,[1] Bacmeister,[2] Blocius,[3] Chemnitz,[4] Dietrich,[5] Epplinus,[6] Gerhard,[7] Hemmingius,[8] Himmel,[9] Hoë,[10] Keslerus, Kirstenius, Luther,[11] Major,[12] Osiander,[13] Radmannus, Sarcerius,[14] Sconerus, Selnecker,[15] Walther, Winkelmann,[16] Leyser.[17]

[1] Johann Habermann (1516-1590) was a Lutheran pastor and theologian. He served as Professor of Hebrew at Jena (1573-1574), and Professor of Theology at Wittenberg (1574-1576). He wrote Enarrationes in Evangelia dominicalia. [2] Lucas Bacmeister (1530-1608) was a Lutheran pastor and theologian, and composer of church music. He wrote In Historiam Passionis, Mortis, et Resurrectionis Domini Nostri Iesu Christi, a quatuor Euangelistis descriptam. [3] Historia evangelica triglossometrica. [4] Martin Chemnitz (1522-1586) studied under Luther and Melanchthon, and rose to become a theologian and churchman of some prominence in the second generation of Lutheranism. He wrote Harmoniam quatuor evangelistarum. [5] Veit Dietrich (1506-1549) was a German Lutheran theologian and reformer, student of Melanchthon and companion of Luther. He wrote Annotationes Compendiarias in Novum Testamentum. [6] Selectiora partum judicia de evangelicis narrationibus. Ottomarus Epplinus (died 1567) was a German Lutheran theologian, pastor at Gorlitz, and court preacher at Konigsberg. [7] John Gerhard (1582-1637) was an eminent Lutheran divine. He held the position of Professor of Divinity at Jena (1616), and he was four times the Rector of the same. Gerhard wrote copiously in exegetical (including his In Harmoniam Historiæ Evangelicæ de Passione, Crucifixione, Morte et Sepultura Christi Salvatoris nostril and De Vita Jesu Christi), polemical, and dogmatic theology. His Loci communes theologici (1610-1622) was the largest Lutheran dogmatic text that had been produced to date. [8] Nicolaus Hemmingius (1513-1600) was a Danish Lutheran theologian. He was suspect of Calvinistic leanings in his views on the Lord’s Supper. He wrote Postillam seu Enarrationem Evangeliorum. [9] Johann Himmel (1581-1642) was a German theologian and staunch Lutheran. He served as Professor of Theology at Jena (1617-1642). He wrote Memoriale Biblicum. [10] Matthias Hoë von Hoënegg (1580-1645) was a German Lutheran scholar, educator, and pastor. He wrote Ausführliche und vielfaltig begehrte Fest-Postill, Das ist: Außlegung der Evangelien. [11] Enarrationes Epistolarum et Evangeliorum. [12] George Major (1502-1574) was a Lutheran theologian. He served as Professor of Theology at Wittenberg (1545-1574). He produced Homelias in Evangelia Dominicalia et Dies Festos. [13] Lucas Osiander (1534-1604) was a Lutheran theologian. He produced an edition of the Vulgate with supplemental annotations and corrections, inserting Luther’s translation in the places in which the Vulgate departs from the originals. He was also an accomplished composer of music. [14] Erasmus Sarcerius (1501-1559) was a German Lutheran theologian, educator, and churchman. He wrote Summarien und kurtzer Inhalt, sampt einer zimlichen und völligen Auslegung uber alle Capitel aller biblischen Bücher des Alten und Neuen Testaments; In Evangelia dominicalia Postilla; In Matthaeum Evangelistam iusta scholia; In Marcum Evangelistam Iusta scholia; Lucæ evangelion cum iustis scholiis; and In Joannem Evangelistam justa scholia. [15] Nikolaus Selnecker (1532-1592) was a German Lutheran theologian and hymn writer. He was educated under Melanchthon, and was one of the principal authors of the Formula of Concord. Selnecker was Professor of Theology first at Jena (1562-1568), then at Leipzig (1568-1570), Helmstedt (1571-1574), and Leipzig again (1574-1589). He commented on several books of the Bible, including Evangeliorum et epistolarum omnium. [16] Johannes Winckelmann (1551-1626) was a German Lutheran theologian. He served as Professor of Theology at Marburg (1592-1605), and at Giessen (1605-1625), and wrote commentaries on Mark and Luke. [17] Polykarp von Leyser the Elder (1552-1610) was a German Lutheran theologian, superintendent of Braunschweig and of the Saxon Kurkreis, and Professor of Theology at Wittenberg. He wrote Harmoniam evangelicam.

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Dr. Steven Dilday holds a BA in Religion and Philosophy from Campbell University, a Master of Arts in Religion from Westminster Theological Seminary (Philadelphia), and both a Master of Divinity and a  Ph.D. in Puritan History and Literature from Whitefield Theological Seminary.  He is also the translator of Matthew Poole's Synopsis of Biblical Interpreters and Bernardinus De Moor’s Didactico-Elenctic Theology.

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