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Heidegger's Bible Handbook: 2 John: Recipients

2. It is inscribed to an elect Lady, not a Church, but an individual matron, and to her children.


The Epistle is inscribed ἐκλεκτῇ κυρίᾳ καὶ τοῖς τέκνοις αὐτῆς, to the elect Lady, and her children. Some ineptly, and Hammond among others, by the elect Lady understand the Christian Church; because both κυρία/kuria/lady among the Athenians, and Curia among the Romans, signifies Church. For, he attributes to this elect Lady children, walking in the truth, to whom he promises that he is going to come, with the children of her sister also greeted, verses 12, 13. This is more rightly understood of a certain matron, a believing and honest Lady. And κυρία is able to be the same thing as the Syriac מרתא/ Martha, which means Lady. Unless perhaps she was distinguished with this name on account of power, servants subject to her, or marriage to some great man. But she is also called ἐκλεκτὴ/elect, not so much by reason of her excellent virtues, as of eternal ἐκλογῆς/election. Just as also Peter writes to the ἐκλεκτοὺς/elect.[1]

[1] 1 Peter 1:1: “Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, to the elect strangers scattered (ἐκλεκτοῖς παρεπιδήμοις διασπορᾶς) throughout Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia…”

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Dr. Dilday
Dr. Dilday
Feb 14, 2022

Dr. Dilday's Sermon: "Grace, Mercy, and Peace"

https://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=1015081013422


1) Analysis

a) Outline of the salutation

i) The sender

ii) The recipient

iii) The greeting

b) The greeting

i) The form: benedictory

ii) The content: grace, mercy, and peace

iii) The source: God the Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of the Father

iv) A problematic expression: “in truth and love”

(1) Trajection:

(a) “Grace be with you, mercy, and peace…in the context of truth and love.”

(b) “Grace be with you, mercy, and peace…(I express) in truth and love.”

(2) Proper word order: “the Son of the Father in truth and love”

(3) A plenary theological expression

2) Doctrine: The grace, mercy, and peace of God are o…

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Dr. Dilday
Dr. Dilday
Feb 14, 2022

Dr. Dilday's Sermon: "The Breathings of Affection"

https://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?SID=921082321423


1) Analysis

a) Outline of the salutation

1) The sender

2) The recipient

3) The greeting

b) The recipient

1) The recipients denominated: the elect lady and her children

2) The recipients further described: …whom I love in the truth; and not I only, but also all they that have known the truth…

2 John 1-3: The elder unto the elect lady and her children, whom I love in the truth (ἐν ἀληθείᾳ, en aletheia); and not I only, but also all they that have known the truth (τὴν ἀλήθειαν, tein aletheian); For the truth’s sake (διὰ τὴν ἀλήθειαν, dia tein aletheian), which dwelleth in us, and shall be with us fo…

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Dr. Dilday
Dr. Dilday
Feb 14, 2022
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