Heidegger's Bible Handbook: 2 Corinthians: Detailed Outline

7. The Parts of the Epistle are two: I. A narration of the journey of Saint Paul, and what things befell him here and there, with various digressions interspersed (2 Corinthians 1-9). II. Saint Paul’s Apology, in which he defends the Apostleship and power committed to him (2 Corinthians 10-13). Interpreters of the Epistle, Ancient, Reformed, Lutheran, Roman Catholic; and also a Synoptic Table.

The order of the Epistle, on account of various digressions, and those altogether salutary, in which he defends himself, and comforts, exhorts, and teaches others; is not able to be established with precision. Nevertheless, it is able to be described not incommodiously in two parts. First, he narrates not a few things concerning his journey through Asia and Macedonia, and what happened to him there, with various digressions interspersed, Chapters 1-9. Second, he takes pains to defends his Apostleship, comparing himself with other teachers, Chapters 10-13.

Ancient Macedonia

I. Narration of the journey of Saint Paul, and what things happened to him along the way, with various digressions interspersed, Chapters 1-9. See:

1. His narration of those things that happened in Asia: chapter 1:1-14. In which, with thanks given to God, who is present with His own in affliction (verses 1-7), he relates what great things he suffered in Asia (verses 8, 9), with God mercifully defending him (verse 10), and declares his hope concerning the prayers of the Corinthians for himself, and their efficacy, on account of a good conscience, because he has treated sincerely with them (verses 11-14): chapter 1:1-14.

2. His narration of the reasons on account of which he did not come to the Corinthians: chapter 1:15-2:11.

a. Not because he acted lightly, by not standing to his promises, while his preaching among the Corinthians was perfectly stable (verses 15-22), but so that he might spare the Corinthians, as one who would not exercise dominion over their faith, but rather as one helping their joy (verses 23, 24): chapter 1:15-24.

b. Lest sorrow afflict them (verses 1-5), when he instructs them to receive unto favor the penitent incestuous man (verses 6-11): chapter 2:1-11.

3. His narration of the journey begun into Macedonia: chapters 2:12-7:4. In which:

a. Is narrated the reason on account of which, with Troas left behind, he advanced his journey into Macedonia, because he does not find Titus in Troas (verses 12, 13): chapter 2:12, 13.

b. Is undertaken a digression, in which Saint Paul:

α. Gives thanks to God, that he everywhere spreads in his labor the savour of his knowledge (verses 14-16), and protests his own sincerity in his preaching (verse 17): chapter 2:14-17.