Verse 7: And the LORD said, (Neh. 9:9; Ps. 106:44; Acts 7:34) I have surely seen the affliction of my people which are in Egypt, and (Ex. 2:23, 24) have heard their cry (Ex. 1:11) by reason of their taskmasters; for (Gen. 18:21; Ex. 2:25) I know their sorrows…
[I have seen] Hebrew: In seeing, I have seen. The doubling signifies either vehemence, or certitude, or speed (Menochius).
I have surely seen; Hebrew, In seeing, I have seen, that is, I have seen and observed it diligently, accurately, and certainly; for so much the doubling of the verb signifies.
Verse 8: And (Gen. 11:5, 7; 18:21; 50:24) I am come down to (Ex. 6:6, 8; 12:51) deliver them out of the hand of the Egyptians, and to bring them up out of that land (Deut. 1:25; 8:7-9) unto a good land and a large, unto a land (Ex. 3:17; 13:5; 33:3; Num. 13:27; Deut. 26:9, 15; Jer. 11:5; 32:22; Ezek. 20:6) flowing with milk and honey; unto the place of (Gen. 15:18) the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites.
[I have come down] That is, by effect (Lyra). It denotes the favor and help of God: For all help is from heaven (Vatablus).
I am come down: this word notes God’s manifestation of himself and his favour, and giving help from heaven. See Genesis 18:21.
[Spacious] It was only one hundred and sixty miles long from Dan to Beer-sheba, and forty-six wide from Joppa to Bethlehem. Nevertheless, it is called spacious with respect to, 1. the land of Goshen, where they were dwelling; 2. the nation (their own), which was at that time smaller than the land; 3. the fruitfulness of the soil (Menochius). Hecatæus (who was a contemporary of Alexander the Great [Pererius]) says of the Jews that they possessed three hundred myriads ἀρουρῶν (that is, of jugera) of the best land (Grotius).
It was a good land and a large, not only comparatively to Goshen, where they now dwelt, and to the number of the Israelites at that time; but absolutely, if you take the Land of Promise according to its true, and first, and ancient bounds of it, as you have them described, Genesis 15:18; Deuteronomy 1:7; 11:24, and not according to those narrow limits to which they were afterwards confined for their unbelief, sloth, cowardice, and impiety.