Chapter III:20: Against Religious Syncretism, Part 2

β. There is to be no Syncretism with any Heretics, that is, who err Fundamentally, which is to be held especially in the case of the Socinians and Papists, as it is evident from what has already been said, and will be made more abundantly evident throughout the entire System. Concerning the Papists, consult in particular what things our AUTHOR has, Chapter XXXII, § 12-14. Concerning the Socinians, see HOORNBEECK’S Apparatum ad Controversias Socinianas, pages 80-85; SPANHEIM’S Elenchum Controveriarum, opera, tome 3, columns 805, 806, § 7; PETRUS LAAN’S[1] Dissertationem Priorem de Tolerantia civile ad Socinianos non extendenda, § V.


γ. Indeed, although Our Men have always labored much to enter into Concord and Συγκρητισμῷ/Syncretism, as it is apparent in HOORNBEECK’S Summa Controversiarum, book IX, pages 539-600, and his Oratione de Ecclesiarum inter se Communione, pages 51-53, after Summam Controversiarum, edition 2; SPANHEIM’S Elencho Controveriarum, opera, tome 3, columns 889-900, 917, 918; WERENFELS’[2] Opusculis, pages 421-440: nevertheless, Society is not to be entered into with these or other Errorists, if it is obliged to be done on this condition, that we renounce the truth or the modest assertion of the truth, or adopt an error, or stick in ambiguous words: compare the writings of TRIGLAND de Mutua Tolerantia reviewed in TRIGLAND’S Kerckelycke Geschiedenissen, chapter 4, pages 627-637; SPANHEIM’S Stricturas adversus Bossueti Expositionem Doctrinæ catholicæ, chapter II, opera, tome 3, columns 1065, 1066; HOORNBEECK’S Miscellanea Sacra, book I, chapter XXVI, which is de Consociatione Euangelica Reformatorum et Augustanæ Confessionis, pages 700-743; STAPFER’S Theologicas polemicas, tome 1, chapter V, § 1943-1980, who is able to be consulted further de Consensu et Dissensu Protestanium, chapter XX, tome 5, in which among other things he explains the causes of Dissent, § 6-29, pages 126-135, and, with the principal controverted Articles reviewed, observes that the Dissent among Protestant Church is not fundamental, § 162-164, pages 254-258, and hence wills that animosities and abuses among Protestants be put away, and mutual Tolerance among them be cultivated, § 176-182, 236-247, pages 259-263, 304-312.


[But only with those that dissent in lessor matters, holding the same Foundation.] According to the Pauline rule, Philippians 3:15, 16, on account of the admonition concerning the avoidance of schisms, 1 Corinthians 1:10-12; and also according to the duty of charity, Psalm 133:1; Ephesians 4:15.

[1] Petrus Laan (1696-1743) was Professor of Theology at Franeker from 1738 to 1743.


[2] Samuel Werenfels (1657-1740) was a Swiss theologian. He served as a member of the theological faculty at Basel (1696-1740). He was a moderate Calvinist, seeking to harmonize Reformed and Enlightenment thought.

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Dr. Steven Dilday holds a BA in Religion and Philosophy from Campbell University, a Master of Arts in Religion from Westminster Theological Seminary (Philadelphia), and both a Master of Divinity and a  Ph.D. in Puritan History and Literature from Whitefield Theological Seminary.  He is also the translator of Matthew Poole's Synopsis of Biblical Interpreters and Bernardinus De Moor’s Didactico-Elenctic Theology.

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