Revelation 1:9b: John's Exile on Patmos

Updated: Jun 8, 2019

Verse 9:[1] I John, who also am your brother, and (Phil. 1:7; 4:14; 2 Tim. 1:8) companion in tribulation, and (Rom. 8:17; 2 Tim. 2:12) in the kingdom and patience of Jesus Christ, was in the isle that is called Patmos, (Rev. 6:9; 1:2) for the word of God, and for the testimony of Jesus Christ.

[And, etc., καὶ συγκοινωνὸς ἐν τῇ θλίψει καὶ ἐν τῇ βασιλείᾳ καὶ ὑπομονῇ Ἰησοῦ, etc.] And sharer (or, companion [Beza, Piscator]; partaker [Erasmus]) in tribulation, and in the kingdom (namely, the spiritual kingdom [Pareus]; or, in the same hope of the kingdom of heaven [Ribera, thus Tirinus]) and endurance (either, patient expectation [Beza], or patience: He shows that the kingdom of Christ here consists in the exercise of patience more than in dominion [Cotterius]: The order here ascends: First we suffer, then we reign by suffering: In which wrestling-floor one must persist [Cotterius]: The Greeks do not appear to have read καὶ ὑπομονῇ, and patience, yet it is able to be received, if you interpret βασιλείαν/kingdom as right to the kingdom; namely, so that John calls himself a sharer of adversities, but with a certain hope of the future Kingdom, which would be the reason why those adversities are endured with courage [Grotius]) of Jesus Christ (Montanus, etc.), that is, I, who suffer, even as Christ also suffered (Vatablus). It indicates that Christ is afflicted with us, and that we shall reign with Him (Pareus): or, of Christ, that is, of Christian patience, which endures all things (Menochius): or, in Christ Jesus (Vulgate, thus Grotius), that is, through Christ, with Christ bestowing (Grotius): or, because of Christ (Menochius, Piscator, Gomar): or, which Christ received in advance: or, in which Christ went before as an example to us. Of Christ, therefore, here is able to denote either the efficient, or end, or subject (Gomar).

[I was on the island…Patmos] Where he was banished (Piscator, Cotterius