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Poole on Revelation 5:9: In Praise of the Lamb!

Verse 9:[1] And (Ps. 40:3; Rev. 14:3) they sung a new song, saying, (Rev. 4:11) Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereof: (Rev. 5:6) for thou wast slain, and (Acts 20:28; Rom. 3:24; 1 Cor. 6:20; 7:23; Eph. 1:7; Col. 1:14; Heb. 9:12; 1 Pet. 1:18, 19; 2 Pet. 2:1; 1 John 1:7; Rev. 14:4) hast redeemed us to God by thy blood (Dan. 4:1; 6:25; Rev. 7:9; 11:9; 14:6) out of every kindred, and tongue, and people, and nation…


[And they sung a new song] That is, new to mortals, among whom such was never heard (Menochius, similarly Ribera); or, unfamiliar and wonderful (Menochius), not like the other songs that are in Scripture (Ribera, Menochius): or, new, on account of the freshness of the matter (Gomar), and fresh and pleasant matter for singing (Tirinus): or, excellent (Gomar, Piscator, Durham), which was able to be expressed by no old song (Gomar), and with singular joy (Piscator). New songs are more greatly esteemed (Grotius, similarly Forbes), says Pindar[2] (Grotius), and Homer in The Odyssey 1 (Forbes). See Psalm 33:3; 40:3; 96:1; 149:1; Isaiah 42:10 (Grotius). New, that is, more open than under the Old Testament (Durham).


And they sung a new song: by a new song is either to be understood an excellent song, (for new songs are usually most valued,) or (which pleaseth me best) new as to the matter of it; for the servants of God under the Old Testament could not bless God for the actual redemption of man by the blood of Christ, but only rejoice in hope, embracing the promises seen afar off by the eye of faith.


[Thou art worthy, etc.] Worthy, who hast known and revealest the secrets of God; who hast suffered such great things for the honor of God, hast done such great things (Grotius). From here perhaps light is shed on that passage in Mark 13:32, No one knows, neither the Son, etc. Since the Apocalypse was not yet given to Christ by the Father, and the order of events to be conducted unto His coming was not yet revealed. I assert nothing rashly; let the reader consider it carefully (Mede’s Works 545).


Saying, Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereof; they acknowledge Christ worthy to be intrusted with his church, and the revelations of the counsels of God, with relation to it, to open them.



[Because (which word denotes that Christ by the merit of His passion had received from God the power to reveal future events, etc. [Menochius]) thou wast slain] More is understood than is said. For, from this, that He is said to have been killed, it is to be understood that He offered Himself to death so that He might serve God and benefit men (Grotius). Therefore, exaltation is owed to Him (Ribera).


[And, etc., καὶ ἠγόρασας, etc.] And thou hast bought, or redeemed (that is, liberated from sin and the servitude of Satan [Gomar], and of the Law, and from the wrath of God [Durham]; and that at the redemption price [Gomar, thus Cluverus, Piscator], as it is evident from a comparison with 1 Corinthians 6:20; 7:23; 2 Peter 2:1; Revelation 14:3, 4 [Cluverus]) us (that is, Christians of all places and times, whom Christ liberated from sin, at great expense, that is, of His own life, Romans 3:24; 1 Corinthians 1:30; 1 Peter 1:18; Galatians 4:5; and elsewhere [Grotius]) to God (that is, so that we might be the possession of God [Menochius], εἰς λατρεύειν αὐτῷ, in order to serve God, Luke 1:74 [Grotius]) by thy blood (Piscator, etc.), since it was also the blood of God, Acts 20:28: blood is for life and breath, which Christ laid down for us (Cluverus). Hence it is evident that the living Creatures are not Angels, since they were not able to say, Thou hast redeemed us, etc. (certain interpreters in Gomar). Response: Understand us as a good part of our assembly, namely, blessed souls. There is a synecdoche of this sort in Matthew 27:44, compared with Luke 23:39 (Gomar).


[From every tribe, etc.] That is, the elect (Menochius). From all the tribes of Israel, and from men of so many tongues, whether they are the more civilized, who are wont to be called λαοὶ/peoples, like the Greeks and Italians; or Barbarians, to whom especially agrees the name ἐθνῶν/nations:[3] it is λαοί, φυλαί, γλῶσσαι, peoples, tribes, tongues, in Daniel 3:4[4] (Grotius).


For thou wast slain, and hast redeemed us, etc.; because he had redeemed his church, scattered over all the world, from sin, death, and hell, unto God, to serve him, and to live for ever with him, and that with no less price than his own blood; Wherefore (as the apostle tells us, Philippians 2:9) God hath exalted him.

[1] Greek: καὶ ᾄδουσιν ᾠδὴν καινήν, λέγοντες, Ἄξιος εἶ λαβεῖν τὸ βιβλίον, καὶ ἀνοῖξαι τὰς σφραγῖδας αὐτοῦ· ὅτι ἐσφάγης, καὶ ἠγόρασας τῷ Θεῷ ἡμᾶς ἐν τῷ αἵματί σου ἐκ πάσης φυλῆς καὶ γλώσσης καὶ λαοῦ καὶ ἔθνους. [2] Pindar (522 BC-443 BC) was a lyric poet of Greece, esteemed by some to be the greatest. [3] Revelation 5:9b: “…and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood out of every kindred (φυλῆς/tribe), and tongue (γλώσσης), and people (λαοῦ), and nation (ἔθνους)…” [4] Daniel 3:4: “Then an herald cried aloud, To you it is commanded, O people, nations, and languages (עַֽמְמַיָּ֔א אֻמַּיָּ֖א וְלִשָּׁנַיָּֽא׃; λαοί φυλαί γλῶσσαι, in the Theodotion)…”

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Dr. Dilday
Dr. Dilday
Nov 10, 2020


Loraine Boettner's The Reformed Faith: 'Two other verses that also are often quoted in defense of Arminianism are "Behold, I stand at the door and knock: if any man hear my voice and open the door, I will come in to him and will sup with him, and he with me" (Revelatio 3:20); and "... he that will, let him take the water of life freely" (Revelation 22:17). This general invitation is extended to all men. It may be, and often is, the means that the Holy Spirit uses to arouse in certain individuals the desire for salvation as He puts forth His supernatural power to regenerate them. But these verses, taken by themselves, fail to take into consideration th…


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Dr. Dilday
Dr. Dilday
Nov 10, 2020

John McNaugher's (ed.) Psalms in Worship: 'There are fourteen songs in the Book of Revelation, viz., Revelation 4:8, 11; 5:9-10, 12-13; 7:10, 12; 11:8, 17-18; 12:10-12; 15:3-4; 19:1, 2, 5-8. The American Revision of the Bible marks these songs typographically as distinct and different from the rest of the Book. Sometimes these songs are cited as a justification of the use of other songs than the Psalms in God's worship. Let the following points be noted as a reply to the assertion above referred to:


1. These songs are all inspired by the Spirit of God. More than any other Book of the New Testament Canon, the Revelation insists on its being from God, that in it God unveils His…


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Dr. Dilday
Dr. Dilday
Nov 10, 2020

Robert Hawker's Poor Man's Portion: '"Thou wentest forth for the salvation of thy people, even for salvation with thine anointed."—Habakkuk 3:13


Every view of redemption is blessed: but there are some views transcendently so. And when the soul is led out in the contemplation of Jehovah, in his threefold character of person, Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, all engaged, in their goings forth from everlasting, for the accomplishment of it, there is somewhat which overpowers the mind with the greatness, and the surpassing glory of the subject. As the salvation of the Lord's people is from Jehovah, and from all eternity; so it is to Jehovah, and to all eternity. All the springs of it are from this one source,…

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Dr. Dilday
Dr. Dilday
Nov 09, 2020

Lewis Bayly's Practice of Piety: '"O wretched man that I am, who shall deliver me from the body of this death?" (Romans 7:24.) O my sweet Saviour Jesus Christ, "thou hast redeemed me with thy precious blood!" (Revelation 5:9.) And "because thou hast delivered my soul from sin, mine eyes from tears, and my feet from falling" (Psalm 116:8), I do here, from the very bottom of my heart, ascribe the whole praise and glory of my salvation to thy only grace and mercy (Psalm 145), saying with the holy apostle, "Thanks be unto God, which hath given me the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ" (1 Corinthians 15:57.)'

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Dr. Dilday
Dr. Dilday
Nov 09, 2020


William Tong (for Matthew Henry): 'The church begins the doxology, as being more immediately concerned in it (Revelation 5:8), the four living creatures, and the four-and-twenty elders, the Christian people, under their minister, lead up the chorus. Here observe, (1.) The object of their worship—the Lamb... (2.) Their posture: They fell down before him... (3.) The instruments used in their adorationsharps and vials; the harps were the instruments of praise, the vials were full of odours or incense, which signify the prayers of the saints: prayer and praise should always go together. (4.) The matter of their song: it was suited to the new state of the church, the gospel-state introduced by the Son of God. In this new song…

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