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Poole on Exodus 3:1: Moses, Prince and Shepherd

[1491 BC] Verse 1:[1] Now Moses kept the flock of Jethro his father in law, (Ex. 2:16) the priest of Midian: and he led the flock to the backside of the desert, and came to (Ex. 18:5; 1 Kings 19:8) the mountain of God, even to Horeb.



[He was feeding] It is believed that here he had written the books of Genesis, and of Job for the solace of his own (Menochius).


[Jethro, his father-in-law, the priest of Midian] This Jethro was the same as Reuel, Exodus 2:18 (Oleaster, Lapide). He was rather the son of Reuel (Reuel, however, by this time appears to be dead, since forty years had passed, Exodus 2:18; Acts 7:30). Jethro is here called governor,[2] because he succeeded his father in that dignity (Piscator, Ainsworth).


Jethro was either the same with Reuel, or his son, who, upon his father’s death, succeeded into his office. See Exodus 2:18.


[Unto more remote places of the desert, אַחַ֣ר הַמִּדְבָּ֔ר] Behind the desert (Pagnine), that is, into the innermost part of the desert (Vatablus, Rivet).


To the backside of the desert, to its innermost parts, which were behind Jethro’s habitation, and the former pastures, whither he went for fresh pastures.



[Unto the mountain of God] Horeb is so called, either, 1. because it was great and lofty, as in Psalme 36:6[3] (Ainsworth); or, 2. because of this vision (Junius, Piscator); or, 3. by anticipation, because there God was going to give the Law (Bonfrerius, Menochius, Lyra, Rivet).


The mountain of God; so called, either as a high or eminent mountain; or from the vision of God here following; see Acts 7:30; or by anticipation, from God’s glorious appearance there, and giving the law from thence, Exodus 18:5; 19:3: see also 1 Kings 19:8.


[Horeb] Which is also Sinai, Acts 7:30 (Ainsworth). Rather Horeb and Sinai are two peaks of the same mountain (Bonfrerius).


Horeb, called also Sinai, Exodus 19:1; Acts 7:30. Or Horeb was the name of the whole tract or row of mountains, and Sinai the name of that particular mountain where this vision happened, and the law was delivered. Or Horeb and Sinai were two several tops of the same mountain.

[1] Hebrew: וּמֹשֶׁ֗ה הָיָ֥ה רֹעֶ֛ה אֶת־צֹ֛אן יִתְר֥וֹ חֹתְנ֖וֹ כֹּהֵ֣ן מִדְיָ֑ן וַיִּנְהַ֤ג אֶת־הַצֹּאן֙ אַחַ֣ר הַמִּדְבָּ֔ר וַיָּבֹ֛א אֶל־הַ֥ר הָאֱלֹהִ֖ים חֹרֵֽבָה׃


[2] Hebrew: כֹּהֵן, priest or prince.


[3] Psalm 36:6a: “Thy righteousness is like the great mountains (כְּהַרְרֵי־אֵל, the mountains of God); thy judgments are a great deep…”

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Dr. Dilday
Dr. Dilday
24 juin 2019

Samuel Lee's Secret Prayer: 'Prayer is the soul's colloquy with God, and secret prayer is a conference with God upon admission into the privy chamber of heaven. When thou hast shut thine own closet, when God and thy soul are alone, with this key thou openest the chambers of paradise, and enterest the closet of divine love. When thou art immured as in a curious labyrinth, apart from the tumultuous world, and entered into that garden of Lebanon in the midst of thy closet; thy soul, like a spiritual Daedalus, takes to itself the wings of faith and prayer, and flies into the midst of heaven, among the cherubims. I may serve secret prayer the invisible flight of the sou…

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Dr. Dilday
Dr. Dilday
24 juin 2019


Matthew Henry: 'The years of the life of Moses are remarkably divided into three forties: the first forty he spent as a prince in Pharaoh's court, the second a shepherd in Midian, the third a king in Jeshurun; so changeable is the life of men, especially the life of good men. He had now finished his second forty, when he received his commission to bring Israel out of Egypt. Note, Sometimes it is long before God calls his servants out of that work which of old he designed them for, and has been graciously preparing them for. Moses was born to be Israel's deliverer, and yet not a word is said of it to him till he is eighty year…


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Dr. Dilday
Dr. Dilday
24 juin 2019

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