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Poole on 1 Chronicles 2:25-33: The Sons of Jerahmeel of Hezron

Verse 25:[1]  And the sons of Jerahmeel the firstborn of Hezron were, Ram the firstborn, and Bunah, and Oren, and Ozem, and Ahijah.

[And Ozem and Ahijah, ‎וָאֹ֖צֶם אֲחִיָּֽה׃And Ozem, Ahijah (Montanus).  Ozem and Ahijah (Munster, Tigurinus).  Both Ozem and Ahijah (Pagnine).  And Ozem of Ahijah (Junius and Tremellius), so that it might be the name of the wife of Jerahmeel; which has some satisfactory support out of the following verse (Malvenda).  Others:  and Ozem his brother[2] (Septuagint); and Ozem their sister[3] (Syriac, Arabic).

And Ahijah:  Or, of (the prefix, מ/mem being oft understood) Ahijah; his wife so called, as may seem probable from the next verse, where he mentions another wife.


Verse 26:[4]  Jerahmeel had also another wife, whose name was Atarah; she was the mother of Onam.


Verse 27:[5]  And the sons of Ram the firstborn of Jerahmeel were, Maaz, and Jamin, and Eker.


Verse 28:[6]  And the sons of Onam were, Shammai, and Jada.  And the sons of Shammai; Nadab, and Abishur.


Verse 29:[7]  And the name of the wife of Abishur was Abihail, and she bare him Ahban, and Molid.


Verse 30:[8]  And the sons of Nadab; Seled, and Appaim:  but Seled died without children.

[And he died…without children, ‎לֹ֥א בָנִֽים׃Not having children (Septuagint).


Verse 31:[9]  And the sons of Appaim; Ishi.  And the sons of Ishi; Sheshan.  And (see 1 Chron. 2:34, 35) the children of Sheshan; Ahlai.

The sons of Appaim; an expression oft used, both afterwards in this verse, and elsewhere, and in profane authors too, where there is but one son.  It is an enallage of the number, which is frequent in the Hebrew.

[Moreover, Sheshan begat Ahlai, ‎וּבְנֵ֥י שֵׁשָׁ֖ן אַחְלָֽי׃And the sons of Sheshan; Ahlai (Montanus, Malvenda, Syriac, Arabic, Munster, Tigurinus, Pagnine, Piscator).  That Ahlai is the name of a woman, verses 34 and 35 teach (Piscator).  And the daughter of Sheshan, Ahlai (Junius and Tremellius).  Hebrew:  sons:  a Synecdoche of species, insofar as the term sons is understood generally, in such a way that it comprehends daughters (Piscator).  That is to say, Whatever children Sheshan had, was one daughter, Ahlai (Junius).  It is also an enallage of number, which sort was above in verse 8.  Similarly the Latins.  Terence,[10] Hecrya 2:1, concerning one daughter:  Who declared him worthy, to whom they would commit their children.  And so it could be translated here, the children of Sheshan, Ahlai (Piscator).  Others maintain that Ahlai was a son (Malvenda).


Verse 32:[11]  And the sons of Jada the brother of Shammai; Jether, and Jonathan:  and Jether died without children.


Verse 33:[12]  And the sons of Jonathan; Peleth, and Zaza.  These were the sons of Jerahmeel.

[1] Hebrew:  ‎וַיִּהְי֧וּ בְנֵי־יְרַחְמְאֵ֛ל בְּכ֥וֹר חֶצְר֖וֹן הַבְּכ֣וֹר׀ רָ֑ם וּבוּנָ֥ה וָאֹ֛רֶן וָאֹ֖צֶם אֲחִיָּֽה׃

[2] אָח signifies brother.

[3] אָחוֹת signifies sister.

[4] Hebrew:  וַתְּהִ֙י אִשָּׁ֥ה אַחֶ֛רֶת לִֽירַחְמְאֵ֖ל וּשְׁמָ֣הּ עֲטָרָ֑ה הִ֖יא אֵ֥ם אוֹנָֽם׃ ס

[5] Hebrew:  ‎וַיִּהְי֥וּ בְנֵי־רָ֖ם בְּכ֣וֹר יְרַחְמְאֵ֑ל מַ֥עַץ וְיָמִ֖ין וָעֵֽקֶר׃

[6] Hebrew:  ‎וַיִּהְי֥וּ בְנֵי־אוֹנָ֖ם שַׁמַּ֣י וְיָדָ֑ע וּבְנֵ֣י שַׁמַּ֔י נָדָ֖ב וַאֲבִישֽׁוּר׃

[7] Hebrew:  ‎וְשֵׁ֛ם אֵ֥שֶׁת אֲבִישׁ֖וּר אֲבִיהָ֑יִל וַתֵּ֣לֶד ל֔וֹ אֶת־אַחְבָּ֖ן וְאֶת־מוֹלִֽיד׃

[8] Hebrew:  ‎וּבְנֵ֥י נָדָ֖ב סֶ֣לֶד וְאַפָּ֑יִם וַיָּ֥מָת סֶ֖לֶד לֹ֥א בָנִֽים׃ ס

[9] Hebrew:  ‎וּבְנֵ֥י אַפַּ֖יִם יִשְׁעִ֑י וּבְנֵ֤י יִשְׁעִי֙ שֵׁשָׁ֔ן וּבְנֵ֥י שֵׁשָׁ֖ן אַחְלָֽי׃

[10] Publius Terentius Afer (died 159 BC) was a Roman playwright.

[11] Hebrew:  ‎וּבְנֵ֤י יָדָע֙ אֲחִ֣י שַׁמַּ֔י יֶ֖תֶר וְיוֹנָתָ֑ן וַיָּ֥מָת יֶ֖תֶר לֹ֥א בָנִֽים׃ ס

[12] Hebrew:  ‎וּבְנֵ֥י יוֹנָתָ֖ן פֶּ֣לֶת וְזָזָ֑א אֵ֥לֶּה הָי֖וּ בְּנֵ֥י יְרַחְמְאֵֽל׃

3 commenti

John Gill: 'Verse 25. And the sons of Jerahmeel, the firstborn of Hezron, were Ram the firstborn,.... So called by his father after the name of his brother, see 1 Chronicles 2:9; and Bunah, and Oren, and Ozem, and Ahijah; or "of Ahijah," as some {r} render it, this being the name of his wife, who bare him the sons before named, since mention is made of another wife in the next verse.

{r} Junius, Tremellius, Piscator, Michaelis.

Verse 26. Jerahmeel had also another wife, whose name was Atarah,.... Distinct from his wife before named; or "another woman," which is a phrase for an harlot or concubine, Judges 11:2 which she might be, as Kimchi observes; though the former seems…

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Matthew Henry: 'Here is mention of one that died without children (1 Chronicles 2:30), and another (1 Chronicles 2:32), and of one that had no sons, but daughters, 1 Chronicles 2:34. Let those that are in any of these ways afflicted not think their case new or singular. Providence orders these affairs of families by an incontestable sovereignty, as pleaseth him, giving children, or withholding them, or giving all of one sex. He is not bound to please us, but we are bound to acquiesce in his good pleasure. To those that love him he will himself be better than ten sons, and give them in his house a place and a name better than of sons and daughters. Le…

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