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Poole on 1 Chronicles 1:51-54: The Dukes of Edom

[circa 1496] Verse 51:[1] Hadad died also. And the (Gen. 36:40) dukes of Edom were; duke Timnah, duke Aliah (or, Alvah[2]), duke Jetheth…

[Dukes instead of kings] That is, those that had taken charge were no longer permitted to rule with full authority (which belongs to Kings), but with power restricted by certain prescribed laws and conditions (Estius[3]). See what things were written on Genesis 36:15 (Menochius).

[Duke Timnah, etc.] They appear to be the names of the places in which they ruled (Menochius out of Tostatus,[4] certain interpreters in Lyra[5]): or they are the names of the men, etc. (Lyra). Verse 52:[6] Duke Aholibamah, duke Elah, duke Pinon… Verse 53:[7] Duke Kenaz, duke Teman, duke Mibzar… Verse 54:[8] Duke Magdiel, duke Iram. These are the dukes of Edom.


[1] Hebrew: וַיָּ֖מָת הֲדָ֑ד ס וַיִּהְיוּ֙ אַלּוּפֵ֣י אֱד֔וֹם אַלּ֥וּף תִּמְנָ֛ע אַלּ֥וּף עַלְיָ֖ה אַלּ֥וּף יְתֵֽת׃ [2] Thus the Qere. Also, Genesis 36:40: “And these are the names of the dukes that came of Esau, according to their families, after their places, by their names; duke Timnah, duke Alvah (עַלְוָה), duke Jetheth…” [3] William Estius (1542-1613) labored first as a lecturer on Divinity, then as the Chancellor at Doway. Theologically, he bears the imprint of the modified Augustinianism of Michael Baius. In his commentary writing, as exemplified in his Commentarii in Sacram Scripturam and Commentarii in Epistolas Apostolicas, he focuses on the literal meaning of the text; and he is widely regarded for his exegetical skill and judgment. [4] Alonso Tostado, or Tostatus (c. 1400-1455), was a Spanish, Roman Catholic churchman and scholar. He was trained in philosophy, theology, civil and canon law, Greek, and Hebrew. He wrote commentaries on the historical books of the Old Testament (Genesis-2 Chronicles), and on the Gospel of Matthew. [5] Little is known about the early life of Nicholas de Lyra (1270-1340). He entered the Franciscan Order and became a teacher of some repute in Paris. His Postilla in Vetus et Novum Testamentum are remarkable for the time period: Lyra was firmly committed to the literal sense of the text, as a necessary control for allegorical exposition; and he drew heavily upon Hebraic and Rabbinical materials. His commentary was influential among the Reformers. [6] Hebrew: אַלּ֧וּף אָהֳלִיבָמָ֛ה אַלּ֥וּף אֵלָ֖ה אַלּ֥וּף פִּינֹֽן׃ [7] Hebrew: אַלּ֥וּף קְנַ֛ז אַלּ֥וּף תֵּימָ֖ן אַלּ֣וּף מִבְצָֽר׃ [8] Hebrew: אַלּ֥וּף מַגְדִּיאֵ֖ל אַלּ֣וּף עִירָ֑ם אֵ֖לֶּה אַלּוּפֵ֥י אֱדֽוֹם׃

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Dr. Dilday
Dr. Dilday
Nov 07, 2022

Matthew Poole's Synopsis on Genesis 36:15: '[c. 1715 BC] Verse 15:[1] These were dukes of the sons of Esau: the sons of Eliphaz the firstborn son of Esau; duke Teman, duke Omar, duke Zepho, duke Kenaz…


[These were dukes, אַלּוּפֵי] Chiliarchs[2] (Malvenda). The distinction between a Duke and a King is this, that a King was crowned, but not so a Duke (Munster, Fagius). The Idumeans first embraced Aristocracy, in which Dukes were governing the state by the will of the nobles; then they embraced Monarchy; at last again Aristocracy. Moreover, as the Dukes, so also the Kings, came to rule by election, not by succession (Menochius). Or rule was seized by the more powerful. The common opinion is…


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Dr. Dilday
Dr. Dilday
Nov 07, 2022


Matthew Poole's Synopsis on Genesis 36:40-43: '[c. 1496 BC] Verse 40:[1] And these are the names of (1 Chron. 1:51) the dukes that came of Esau, according to their families, after their places, by their names; duke Timnah, duke Alvah[2] (or, Aliah[3]), duke Jetheth…


[In their places] Hebrew: by their places,[4] namely, those assigned to them; in the regions in which they reigned, and which they called by their own names (Menochius). But the children of Jacob were yet sojourners. Thus God bestowed upon Esau his portion in this world, earlier than upon Israel (Ainsworth).


The names of the dukes, of their persons, and generations, and families. The state of Edom between the times of Esau and Moses seems t…


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Dr. Dilday
Dr. Dilday
Nov 07, 2022

Matthew Henry: 'We shall not have much to say of the Edomites. They had an inveterate enmity to God's Israel; yet because they descended from Esau, the son of Isaac, we have here an account of their families, and the names of some of their famous men, 1 Chronicles 1:35 to the end. Some slight differences there are between some of the names here, and as we had them in Genesis 36, whence this whole account is taken. Three of four names that were written with a Vau there are written with a Jod here, probably the pronunciation being altered, as is usual in other languages. We now write many words very differently from what they were written but 20…

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Dr. Dilday
Dr. Dilday
Nov 07, 2022

Study Chronicles in detail with the Illustrious Matthew Poole! https://www.fromreformationtoreformation.com/1-2-chronicles

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