Poole on 1 Chronicles 1:1-3: The Antediluvian Fathers

[4004 BC, etc.] Verse 1:[1] Adam, (Gen. 4:25, 26; 5:3, 9) Sheth, Enosh…



[Adam, Sheth, Enosh] Γενεαλογία/genealogy is constructed in two ways: either descending, as here; or ascending, as in Luke 3 (Grotius). The names, plain and alone, are set down here, for the sake of brevity; which, if they be related to the preceding, are the sons, but if to the succeeding, the fathers (Vatablus). Something is to be understood, either begat, that is to say, Adam begat Sheth, etc. (Vatablus, Lapide, Menochius[2]); or son, that is to say, Adam, Sheth his son, Enosh his son, as in 1 Chronicles 3:10, where the expression is full and complete, and the son of Solomon was Rehoboam (Vatablus out of the Hebrews). But he omits those here, lest he be compelled to those for each (Lapide). The generations of these, through the fourth verse, see in Genesis 1:26; 2:7; 4:25; 5:1-32 (Vatablus).


Adam, Sheth, etc.: that is, Adam begat Sheth; and so in the following particulars. For brevity sake he only mentions their names; but the rest is easily understood out of the former books, and from the nature of the thing; and from some following passages where the sense is completed.


Verse 2:[3] Kenan, Mahalaleel, Jered…


Verse 3:[4] Henoch, Methuselah, Lamech…

[1] Hebrew: אָדָ֥ם שֵׁ֖ת אֱנֽוֹשׁ׃ [2] John Stephen Menochius (1576-1656) joined the Society of Jesuits at an early age. His superiors in the order, recognizing his academic abilities, set him apart for training in the exposition of Holy Scripture. His critical acumen and commitment to the literal sense of the text are on display in his Commentarii in Sacram Scripturam. [3] Hebrew: קֵינָ֥ן מַהֲלַלְאֵ֖ל יָֽרֶד׃ [4] Hebrew: חֲנ֥וֹךְ מְתוּשֶׁ֖לַח לָֽמֶךְ׃

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