Heidegger's Bible Handbook: Proverbs: Interpreters

HOLY FATHERS: Ambrose, Basil, Gregory, Jerome, Hippolytus, Theophilus of Antioch,[1] Salonius,[2] Bede, Honorius.


REFORMED: Cocceius, Danæus,[3] Drusius, Lavater, Mercerus, Strigelius, Baconus Verulamius,[4] Oyer. English: Allen,[5] Arthur Jackson, Bayne, Cartwright,[6] Cleaver,[7] Coletus, Cope,[8] Dod,[9] Duport, Jermin,[10] Leigh, Mayer, Taylor, Wilcox,[11] Hall, Muffet.[12]


LUTHERAN: Geier, Luther, Melanchthon.


ROMAN CATHOLIC: Agelius, Jansen, Lorinus, Maldonatus, Malvenda, Peltanus,[13] Pineda, Salazar,[14] Sixtus Senensis, Dionysius Carthusianus, William of Paris,[15] Cajetan, Launæus.

HEBREW: Joseph ibn Yahya, Kafuenaki, יד אבשלום מדרש משלי השק שלמה of Baal Akeda,[16] ספר פנינים of Rabbi Moshe Alschish.


Let the Interpreters of the Books of the Old Testament be added.

[1] Theophilus (died c. 183) was bishop of Antioch. Only his Apology to Autolycus is extant, which is filled with citations of the Scripture, drawn mostly from the Old Testament, but also from the New, with scattered Gospel references. Jerome mentions that he had read commentaries on the Gospels and Proverbs ascribed to Theophilus (although Jerome judged them inconsistent with Theophilus’ elegance of style). [2] Salonius (c. 400-475) was Bishop of Geneva. He composed mystical and allegorical commentaries on Proverbs and Ecclesiastes. [3] Lambert Danæus (c. 1530-1596) was a French minister and theologian. He labored as a pastor and Professor of Divinity at Geneva, and then at Leiden. [4] Francis Bacon (1561-1626) was an English statesman, jurist, philosopher and scientist (a pioneer of the scientific method). He wrote voluminously. [5] Robert Allen was a Puritan minister. He composed Concordances of the Proverbs and Ecclesiastes (1612). [6] Thomas Cartwright (c. 1535-1603) was an English Presbyterian churchman and scholar. For a brief time, he served as Professor of Divinity at Cambridge (1569-1570), but was deprived by vice-chancellor John Whitgift for using his position to promote Presbyterianism. After this incident, Cartwright was of far more use to the Reformed churches of the continent than he was in England. He commented on Proverbs and Ecclesiastes, and much of the New Testament. [7] Robert Cleaver (c. 1561-c. 1614) was a Puritan minister. He wrote on the Ten Commandments and a selection of chapters from the Proverbs (with John Dod). [8] Michael Cope (flourished c. 1557) was an English Protestant; he fled England during the Marian persecution, and, as an acquaintance and colleague ofJohn Calvin, preached in French in Geneva. He published commentaries on Ecclesiastes and Proverbs. [9] John Dod (c. 1549-1645) was a Puritan minister and divine. He collaborated with Rober Cleaver in the writing of comments upon the Ten Commandments and select chapters of Proverbs, and in other compositions. [10] Michael Jermin (1591-1659) was an Anglican churchman and divine, and he suffered significant hardship in the Royalist cause. He commented on Proverbs and Ecclesiastes. [11] Thomas Wilcox (c. 1549-1608) was a Puritan minister and sufferer. He composed commentaries on Psalms, Proverbs, and Song of Solomon. [12] Little is known about Peter Muffet. His commentary on Proverbs was published in 1596. [13] Theodoor van Pelt (1511-1584) was a Belgic Jesuit, serving as Professor of Greek (1557-1562) and Professor of Theology (1562-1572) at Ingolstadt. He commented on Proverbs, and translated Greek Fathers on Mark, Luke, and Revelation. [14] Fernando Chirinos de Salazar (1576-1646) was a Spanish Jesuit. In addition to his work on Proverbs, he wrote a commentary on the Song of Solomon. [15] William of Auvergne (c. 1180-1249) was a French theologian and philosopher, serving as Bishop of Paris. He was among the first Western Europeans to delve deeply into Aristotelian philosophy and Islamic appropriate thereof. Among William’s voluminous writings are found commentaries on Proverbs and Ecclesiastes. [16] That is, Rabbi Isaac ben Moses Arama.

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