Johannes Brenz (1499-1570) was a German Lutheran theologian and reformer. He served as Professor of Latin, Greek, and Hebrew at Heidelberg (1519-1522).
 Abraham Calovius (1612-1686) was a champion of Lutheran orthodoxy. He served the University of Wittenberg as Professor of Theology, and later as general superintendent. He opposed Socinians, Roman Catholics, and Calvinists, denying the possibility of the salvation of any of these. His Systema locorum theologicorum stands at the apex of Lutheran scholastic orthodoxy.
 David Chytræus (1530-1600) was a Lutheran theologian, historian, and educator. As a student Chytræus studied under Luther and Melanchthon. He went on to serve as Professor of Theology at Rostock (1561-1600).
 Philipp Heinrich Friedlieb (1603-1663) was a German Lutheran theologian and pastor. He wrote Theologiam exegeticam, sive observationes biblicas in Vetus et Novum Testamentum.
 Solomon Glassius (1593-1656) was a German Lutheran divine and critic. He was Professor of Divinity at the University of Jena. His Philologia Sacra was a groundbreaking work in Biblical Hebrew.
 Theodoricus Hackspan (1607-1659) was a Lutheran divine and eminent Oriental scholar. He served at Altdorf as Professor of Hebrew (1636-1654), and Professor of Theology (1654-1659).
 Christopher Helvicus (1581-1616) was a German Lutheran divine, chronologist, and Hebraist of great learning. He served as Professor of Divinity at Giessen (1610).
 Johann Lampadius (1569-1621) was a German Lutheran theologian and historian. He served as Professor of History and Theology at Bremen (1613-1621).
 Lucas Osiander (1534-1604) was a Lutheran theologian. He produced an edition of the Vulgate with supplemental annotations and corrections, inserting Luther’s translation in the places in which the Vulgate departs from the Hebrew. He was also an accomplished composer of music.
 Johannes Quistorpius was a Lutheran minister and Professor of Divinity at Rostock. He attended Hugo Grotius at his deathbed. He composed annotations upon all the books of Scripture, and also Dissertationem Historicam de Tempore Antediluviano, and Disputationem Theologicam De Fide Infantum.
 Moses Pflacher (c. 1545-1589) was a Swabian Lutheran theologian and reformer. He wrote Analysin typicam omnium cum Veteris, tum Novi Testamentum librorum historicorum.