top of page

Heidegger's Bible Handbook: Isaiah: Interpreters

HOLY FATHERS: Ambrose, Basil, Cyril of Alexandria, Procopius, Theodoret, Chrysostom, Origen, Jerome.


REFORMED: Bohl,[1] Borrhaus, Bullinger, Calvin, Cocceius, l’Empereur,[2] Gwalther, Hyperius,[3] Marlorat, Moller,[4] Musculus, Œcolampadius, Pitiscus, Scultetus, Strack, Strigelius, Szegedinus, Ursinus,[5] Zwingli, Seguier, Hellenbroek.[6] English: Gataker, William Day,[7] Scharpius in his Symphonia.[8]


LUTHERAN: Brentius, Forster,[9] Gesner, Glassius, Heilbrunner,[10] Heshusen, Luther, Pelargus, Dietrich Schnepf.[11]


ROMAN CATHOLIC: Alvarez,[12] Ancones, Aquinas, Castro,[13] Genebrard, Jansen, Joachim, Maldonatus, Malvenda, Oleaster, Paulutius, Pintus, Sanchez, Sasbout,[14] Montanus, Saint Thomas, Forerius,[15] Thadæus.


HEBREWS: אורים ותמים of Rabbi Meir Arama, חשק שלמה of Saloneki, Moshe Alschish.

[1] Samuel Bohl (1611-1639) was a German Lutheran Hebraist, serving as Professor of Theology at Rostock (1638-1639). He commented on the Decalogue, Proverbs, Isaiah, Zechariah, and Malachi. [2] Constantin l’Empereur (1591-1648) was a Dutch Hebraist and Orientalist. He served as Professor of Hebrew and Theology at Harderwijk (1619-1627), and then at Leiden. [3] Andreas Hyperius (1511-1564) was a Flemish Protestant theologian. He endeavored to mediate between Reformed and Lutheran theology, and so holds an important position in both traditions. Hyperius served as Professor of Theology at Marburg (1541-1564). [4] Heinrich Moller (1530-1589) was a German Lutheran Hebraist, Theologian, and Churchman. He held various administrative and faculty positions at Wittenberg, but was ousted during the Crypto-Calvinistic controversies. Moller published commentaries on the Psalms and Isaiah. [5] Zacharias Ursinus (1534-1583) was a German Reformed theologian. He was a leader of the Reformation in the Palatinate, and served at the University of Heidelberg. He was involved in the composition of the Heidelberg Catechism. [6] Abraham Hellenbroek (1658-1731) was a Dutch Reformed Pastor of the Nadere Reformatie. He commented on a wide variety of Biblical texts, but extensively on the Song of Solomon and Isaiah. [7] William Day (c. 1605-1684) was an English churchman and scholar. He complied with all of the changes made throughout the tumultuous period of his ministry, thus retaining his vicarage. He commented on Isaiah and Romans. [8] Johannes Scharpius (1572-1648) was a Scottish Presbyterian theologian and pastor. After banishment from his native land for maintaining the liberties of the church against encroachments of the state, he served as Professor of Theology at Die, France (1608-1629). After being ordered to leave France by Cardinal Richelieu, he was permitted to return to Scotland, and he served as Professor of Theology at Edinburgh (1630-1648). Among his other writings, Scharpius composed a Symphoniam prophetarum et apostolorum. [9] Johannes Forster (1576-1613) was a German Lutheran Theologian and Churchman, author of commentaries on Isaiah, Jeremiah, and Lamentations. He served as Professor of Theology at Wittenberg (1607-1613). [10] Philipp Heilbrunner (1546-1616) was a German Lutheran theologian, educator, and pastor. He was involved in the negotiations leading to the Formula of Concord, and wrote commentaries on Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Daniel, the Minor Prophets, Galatians, Timothy, and Titus. [11] Dietrich Schnepf (1525-1586), son of the Reformer Erhard Schnepf, was a German Lutheran theologian and pastor. He served as Professor of Theology at Tubingen (1557-1586). Schnepf commented on the Psalms and Isaiah. [12] Diego Alvarez (c. 1550-1635) was a Spanish Dominican. He taught theology in a variety of Spanish cities for twenty years, and then at Rome (1596-1606). His commentary on Isaiah is massive. [13] Christophorus de Castro (1551-1615) was a Spanish Jesuit scholar. [14] Adam Sasbout (1516-1553) was a Dutch Franciscan. He taught the Biblical text at the monastery in Leuven. [15] Franciscus Forerius (1523-1581) was a Portuguese Dominican theologian. He was a delegate to the Council of Trent, and was secretary to the committee to continue the Indicem librorum prohibitorum. He wrote commentaries on Isaiah, the wisdom and poetic literature of the Old Testament, and the Gospels.

30 views1 comment
bottom of page