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De Moor 4:4: The Ten Names of God

Updated: Feb 12, 2019


They commonly assert Ten Hebraic Names, following the Jews and JEROME, who in his operibus, tome 3, in Epistola ad Marcellam, pages 94, 95, writes: “I had said that among the Hebrew in the place of the God of heaven is used שַׁדַּי/Shaddai…and that it is one of the ten Names by which among the Hebrews God is called. Thou didst immediately most earnestly ask that I arrange for thee all the Names with their interpretations. I will do what thou hast asked. The First Name of God is אֵל/El…. Then, אֱלֹהִים/Elohim, and אֱלֹהֵי/Elohe, which God is also called. The Fourth, צְבָאוֹת/Sabbaoth…. The Fifth, עֶלְיוֹן/Elyon. The Sixth, אֲשֶׁר אֶהְיֶה, Asher Ehyeh, which is found in Exodus, He that is sent me. The Seventh, אֲדֹנָי/Adonai, which we generally call a lord. The Eighth, יָהּ/Jah, which is only used of God…. The Ninth, the τετραγράμματον/Tetragrammaton, which is ἀνεκφώνητον, that is, they thought it ineffable, which is written with these letters, י/jod, ה/he, ו/waw, ה/he…. The Tenth, which was mentioned above, שַׁדַּי/Shaddai.” Thus it is also read in ORIGEN, on Psalm 2, opera, tome 2, page 539, Δέκα γὰρ ὀνόμασι παρ᾽ Ἑβραίοις ὀνομάζεται ὁ Θεός, for God is called by ten names among the Hebrews.

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Dr. Dilday
Dr. Dilday
Feb 12, 2019

Hebrew Reading Group:

This morning I had computer problems, so the normal Judges installment is not ready. With this in view, I decided to refresh and republish my favorite Hebrew portions from De Moor on the Hebrew Names of God.

For a little on De Moor, visit

So, on days that I cannot get a Poole installment out, I will try to send out one of these posts on the Hebrew Names for God.

Here, we have testimony from Jerome and Origen that the ancient Jews numbered 10 Hebrew Names for God...

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