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Judges 6:13: Gideon's Response and Complaint

Verse 13:[1] And Gideon said unto him, Oh my Lord, if the LORD be with us, why then is all this befallen us? and (so Ps. 89:49; Is. 59:1; 63:15) where be all his miracles (Ps. 44:1) which our fathers told us of, saying, Did not the LORD bring us up from Egypt? but now the LORD hath (2 Chron. 15:2) forsaken us, and delivered us into the hands of the Midianites.


[I beseech, my Lord, בִּ֣י אֲדֹנִ֔י] I ask thee, O Lord (Syriac, Arabic). בִּי is an adverb or interjection of entreaty (Bonfrerius). Upon me, O Lord (Septuagint, Montanus), understanding, attend thou (Augustine in Nobilius). Or, in me is the same as with me; as if to that which the Angel had said, the Lord is with thee, Gideon were responding, With me? how can this be? (Bonfrerius). Attend to me (Junius and Tremellius); or, upon me, understanding, benignly look (Martyr).


[If the Lord be with us, וְיֵ֤שׁ יְהוָה֙ עִמָּ֔נוּ] And is the Lord with us? (Montanus, Pagnine, Jonathan); that is to say, How is He with us? Or, without the interrogation, and He is, etc., in the place of, if He is, etc. Thus, they shall build, in the place of, if they will have built.[2] The hungry Greek, thou willest have commanded (that is, if thou willest have commanded), will go to heaven[3] (Drusius).


[Why have all these things overtaken us?[4]] Hebrew: they found, that is, they happened to us (Drusius, similarly Vatablus).


[Where are, etc.?] That is to say, Why does He not do similar things now (Vatablus)?

[1] Hebrew: וַיֹּ֙אמֶר אֵלָ֤יו גִּדְעוֹן֙ בִּ֣י אֲדֹנִ֔י וְיֵ֤שׁ יְהוָה֙ עִמָּ֔נוּ וְלָ֥מָּה מְצָאַ֖תְנוּ כָּל־זֹ֑את וְאַיֵּ֣ה כָֽל־נִפְלְאֹתָ֡יו אֲשֶׁר֩ סִפְּרוּ־לָ֙נוּ אֲבוֹתֵ֜ינוּ לֵאמֹ֗ר הֲלֹ֤א מִמִּצְרַ֙יִם֙ הֶעֱלָ֣נוּ יְהוָ֔ה וְעַתָּה֙ נְטָשָׁ֣נוּ יְהוָ֔ה וַֽיִּתְּנֵ֖נוּ בְּכַף־מִדְיָֽן׃


[2] See, for example, Malachi 1:4: “Whereas Edom saith, We are impoverished, but we will return and build the desolate places; thus saith the Lord of hosts, They shall build, but I will throw down (הֵ֥מָּה יִבְנ֖וּ וַאֲנִ֣י אֶהֱר֑וֹס); and they shall call them, The border of wickedness, and, The people against whom the Lord hath indignation for ever.”


[3] Juvenal’s Satire 3:78.


[4] Hebrew: וְלָ֥מָּה מְצָאַ֖תְנוּ כָּל־זֹ֑את.

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Dr. Dilday
Dr. Dilday
2018년 4월 06일

William Jay's "Morning Exercises" '"I will surely do thee good."—Genesis 32:12


This is a blessed assurance with which to enter a new year, not knowing what a day may bring forth. But what have we to do with this promise? It was given immediately to Jacob, but it equally belongs to every Israelite indeed; for he never said to the seed of Jacob, Seek ye me, in vain. [Isaiah 45:19] Promises made on particular occasions are intended for general use and advantage. Paul, referring to the words with which God had encouraged Joshua, applies them to the believing Hebrews: "Let your conversation be without covetousness, and be content with such things as ye have; for he hath said, I will…


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Dr. Dilday
Dr. Dilday
2018년 4월 06일

Richard Sibbes' "Soul's Conflict": 'There is little cause, therefore, of envying the present flourishing of the enemies of the church, and of joining and colluding with them; for it will prove the wisest resolution to resolve to fall and rise with the church of Christ, considering the enemies themselves shall say, God hath done great things for them; kings shall lay their crowns at "Christ's feet," and "bring all their glory to the church," Revelation 21:24.


And for every Christian this may be a comfort, that though their light for a time may be eclipsed, yet it shall break forth. David at this time was accounted an enemy of the state, and had a world of false imputations laid upon…


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Dr. Dilday
Dr. Dilday
2018년 4월 06일

Matthew Henry: 'Gideon gave a very melancholy answer to this joyful salutation (Judges 6:13): O my Lord! if the Lord be with us (which the Chaldee reads, Is the Shechinah of the Lord our help? making that the same with the Word of the Lord) why then has all this befallen us? "all this trouble and distress from the Midianites' incursions, which force me to thresh wheat here by the winepress—all this loss, and grief, and fright; and where are all the miracles which our fathers told us of?" Observe, In his reply he regards not the praise of his own valour, nor does this in the least elevate him or give him any encouragement, though it is probable th…

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