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Heidegger's Bible Handbook: The Old Testament in General: Chapter Summary

Updated: Apr 28, 2019

The Canonical Books of the Old Testament are defined, 1. A Summary of the doctrine of the same, 2. Their Distribution with respect to external form. The major Sections. The Parashot. Their use and antiquity. The הפטרות/Haphtaroth, and their use. The Gospels answer to the Parashot, and the Apostolic Epistles to the Haphtaroth, 3. The medium Sections. The סדרים/Sedarim, and their use, 4. The minor Sections, open and closed, 5. The division of the books of the Old Testament according to the פרקים/Pirkim. The antiquity of this disputed between Heinsius and Crojus, 6. The division according to the פסוקים/Passukim, στιχίων, verses. The authors of it were not the Tiberian Massoretes, but the Men of the Great Synogogue. Christians borrowed it from the Jews, 7. The distribution with regard to the matter, into Moses, the Prophets, and the Psalms, was insinuated by Christ, and before Him was approved by Josephus. The division of the Hebrews into תורה/Torah/Law, נביאים/Prophets, and כתובים/ Hagiographa. The כתובים/Hagiographa do not quite agree with the Psalms required by Christ, 8. Summary of the parts of the Old Testament with respect to the person and office of Christ, 9. The Law of Moses, the Pentateuch. The rationale of its name explained. The Author, Moses. The order of the writing of the books of the Pentateuch. The distribution and argument of the same. The Prophets, why they are specifically called Historical, and κατ᾽ ἐξοχὴν/pre-eminently Prophetical? The distribution and argument of the same. Why Psalms denote the Poetic books? Whether they are rightly called the כתובים/Hagiographa? The judgment of Junius concerning the Hagiographa. The distribution and argument of the Poetic Books. A Synoptic Table, and the Interpreters of the Books of the Old Testament.

Class Video: "What is the Old Testament about? (Part 1)"

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