Heidegger's Bible Handbook: Old Testament in General: Outline of the Former Prophets

II. The Προφῆται/Prophets, not that either Moses, or Job, David, Solomon were not also Prophets (at least in the broader notion and gift), since all Old Testament Scriptures is marked as the προφητικὸς λόγος, Prophetic word, and προφητεία/Prophecy, 2 Peter 1:19, 20, and Moses himself, if you set Christ aside, was the greatest Prophet of the Old Testament, Deuteronomy 18:15; but that both Moses, and Job, David, Solomon were Prophets, in gift, but not in the peculiar office and function (like Samuel, Isaiah, etc.): and in addition Moses was both a Prophet and a Lawgiver; Job, David, and Solomon were both Prophets and Poets: but Isaiah, Jeremiah, etc., were only Prophets. Now, these Prophets were of two sorts:



1. Prophets broadly so called and former, who, not being urged by the will of man, but borne by the Spirit of God,[1] composed the series of the Ecclesiastical history from the entrance into the land of Canaan unto the restoration of Jerusalem’s Temple. By the Hebrews they are called the נביאים ראשונים, Former Prophets. And they are the Books of Joshua, Judges, Ruth, Samuel, Kings, Chronicles, Esther, Ezra, and Nehemiah. And in these books are related:


a. The History of the land of Canaan, occupied, with Joshua as general, and subdued (Joshua 1-12), and also divided (Joshua 13-22); and of the final speeches and death of Joshua (Joshua 23, 24), in the Book of Joshua in twenty-four chapters.


b. The History of the standing Church and polity of Israel, under,



α. Fourteen Judges, in which is contained a history both of the government of the Elders after the death of Joshua (Judges 1:1-3:9), and of six oppressions, and of just so many Salvations of Israel by the Judges (Judges 3:9-16:31), and of the corruption of the people, because of which and the like they were so many times oppressed (Judges 17-21), in the Book of Judges in twenty-one chapters.


To the same pertains the history of Ruth, which was state of affairs both miserable (Ruth 1, 2), and more joyous (Ruth 3, 4), in the Book of Ruth in four chapters.


β. The Judges Eli and Samuel, and also King Saul, in which are narrated the matters conducted under Eli, the High Priest and Judge of the people (1 Samuel 1-4), then under Samuel, God’s Prophet and Judge (1 Samuel 5-12), then under King Saul, recently chosen and anointed (1 Samuel 13-31), in the Book of 1 Samuel in thirty-one chapters.